JMAS-60 European Unity

Documents from 07 April 1952 to 03 December 1964

Identity Statement

Reference Code
JMAS-60
Complete Reference Code
JMAS.F-01-60
Original Record Code
HST LIBRARY, DEAN ACHESON PAPERS, MEMORANDA OF CONVERSATIONS 4/52, 5/52, 12/52,- ADDRESSES, BOX 150,- STATE DEPT. AND WHITE HOUSE ADVISER, BOX 86 1963, BOX 87 1964
Extent and Medium

73

Physical Medium

Paper

Reference Archivists

Carr, Mary

Content and Structure

Abstract

Material concerning Dean Acheson's interest and involvement in progress toward European unity, in his capacity as Secretary of State and State Department and White House adviser, includes:memoranda of converations between Jean Monnet and Acheson concerning the signing of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) treaty, the importance of impressing on Italy the need for early ratification of the Schuman Plan, progress of European Defence Community (EDC) negotiations and possible solutions to Indochin and Tunisian problems. Jean Monnet speaks of Anthony Eden's, British Foreign Minister, "dangerous" suggestion of combining the legislative assemblies of the Schuman Plan and the EDC with the Strasbourg Assembly, American public opinion on European unification and the need for greater US support for European movement and EDC,- memorandum of conversation between John Foster Dulles, Secretary of State and Acheson regarding the need for the new US High Commissioner for Germany to be appointed promptly to show support for EDC and so that the US could effectively promote EDC in the framework of European unity and not in a military way,- memorandum of conversation between Acheson,Dulles and Ambassador Bonnet regarding problems affecting European co-operation such as the Saar, French Government crisis and industrial controls in Germany,- address by Acheson at The Hague, 11 Sept. 1963 concerning American interests in European unity, the need for partnership between US and Western Europe in defence and in economic field | letters from Kurt Birrenbach, German industrialist regarding President Charles de Gaulle's vetoing British entry into the European Community and his ideas for Germany and Europe, shaped by France's fears in the atomic field and mistrust of US. Acheson replies that mistakes were self-induced by Germany when Chancellor Konrad Adenauer signed the Franco-German Co-operation Treaty, states that "Charles de Gaulle cannot be bribed, persuaded or bullied....but must recognise the inevitable" Correspondence between J. Robert Schaetzel, Deputy Assistant Secretary for European Affairs in the Dept. of State and Acheson, Schaetzel seeks Acheson's comments on matters concerning Atlantic alliance and Charles de Gaulle, and as enclosure, article from the «Statist» by William Pickles, "Charles de Gaulle's latin excercise", 2 Oct. 1964,- Memorandum written by Acheson to Truman regarding the European crisis, speaks of progress of European unity and the prospects of closer integration of Germany into the West in nuc

Conditions of Access and Use

Languages

English

Type of Archival Materials

Textual

Allied Materials

Location of Originals

The originals are held in various Archives and Presidential Libraries in the USA

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