Avery, Graham1943 (Cardiff [United Kingdom])
Graham Avery was educated at Kingswood School, Bath and at Balliol College, Oxford University where he obtained the degree of Master of Arts in Literae Humaniores (classical studies and philosophy). At Harvard University he was a Fellow of the Center for International Affairs. He was a Practitioner Fellow of the Sussex European Institute in 2002-2003, and on his return to the European Commission he acted as principal adviser in the European Commission Directorate-General for Enlargement (ELARG) and subsequently became chief adviser, Planning and Economic Analysis, European Commission Directorate-General for External Relations (RELEX).
He began his career in the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food in London, where he held posts as Principal responsible for the British negotiations for membership of the European Community (EC), and as Private Secretary to successive Ministers (Fred Peart, John Silkin).
Mr. Avery joined the European Commission in Brussels in 1973 when the UK entered the EC, as a member of the Cabinet of Christopher Soames, Vice-President responsible for external relations. He was adviser and then Deputy Head of Cabinet of Roy Jenkins, President of the Commission in 1977-80. He held posts in the European Commission Directorate General for Agriculture (DG VI) as Head of Division for Economic Questions, and as Director for Rural Development, and was a member of the cabinets of several Commissioners responsible for agriculture (Finn Gundelach, Poul Dalsager, Frans Andriessen).
In the Directorate General for External Relations, Mr. Avery was Director for relations with the USA, Canada, Australia and New Zealand, and Director for relations with the countries of the European Free Trade Area (EFTA) and the European Economic Area (EEA). As Director in the Task Force for Enlargement he participated in the accession negotiations with Austria, Sweden, Finland and Norway in 1993-94, and was the Commission's principal negotiator with Austria. He was Chief Adviser for Foreign Policy Planning in 1995; Chief Adviser for Enlargement in 1996-98, responsible for the opinions on the applications for membership by countries of Central and Eastern Europe, and Chief Adviser for strategic questions in the Directorate General for Enlargement in 2000-02. He contributed to the Commission's "Agenda 2000" report, and was author of "Policies for an Enlarged Union" for the Commission's White Paper on Governance (2001). In 1998-2000 as Inspector General of the Commission he was head of the Inspection Générale des Services (IGS) where he conducted management audits, co-ordinated the report "Designing Tomorrow's Commission", and contributed to the White Paper on Administrative Reform.
Mr Avery has published articles in magazines and journals including, Prospect, European Affairs, International Affairs, World Today, Oxford International Review, European Environment Review, and the Journal of Agricultural Economies. He is co-author of the book, "The Enlargement of the European Union", published in 1998. Avery was a Visiting Fellow at the Robert Schuman Centre of the European University Institute, Florence, 2010, and is an Honorary Director of the European Commission.