JMAS

Jean Monnet American Sources

Documents from [1919] to [1988]
Fonds Inventory
Reference Archivists

Mary, Carr

Abstract

This collection of material consists of photocopied excerpts of collections taken from various Presidential and University libraries and archives, and also from the Department of State (NARA), which refer to Jean Monnet and his relationship with American officials and the US Administration's policies in connection with the "Victory Programme" and European integration.;
The material retrieved from the US for this project is important for complementing the material in the HAEU but also in its own rights. Sherrill B.Wells, Director of the Jean Monnet Documents Project, was granted permission to photocopy large sections of the David Bruce Diary relevant to Jean Monnet.

Extent and Medium

2,5 linear metres
190 files

Languages

English

Administrative and Biographical History

Jean Monnet of the Father of Europe as he is now acknowledged was one of the most influential personalities of the post World War II era. This collection of material consists of photocopied excerpts of collections taken from various presidential , University and Department of State (NARA) archvies and libraries which refer to Jean Monnet and his relationship with American officials and US Administration's policies concerning the concept of European integration. The decision to gather this material on Jean Monnet was formalised in an agreement between the Jean Monnet Council represented by its President, Ambassador J. Robert Schaetzel and the George Washington University, represented by Dean Maurice A. East, the European University Institute (HAEU), represented by the former Principal, Emile Nöel, and the Jean Monnet Foundation for Europe represented by its President, Mr. Henri Rieben.;
The material retrieved from the US for this project is important for complementing the material in the HAEU but also in its own right. Sherrill B. Wells, Director of the Jean Monnet Documents Project, was greanted permission to photocopy large sections of the David Bruce Diary relevant to Jean Monnet, which is a considerable bonus for the Historical Archives. It is obvious from the documents in the JMAS collection, the esteem in which Monnet was held in America, as Walt W. Rostow, State Department official put it, "There is no-one who can inspire .... more than Jean .... how great ideas must be patiently put into action" (JMAS/103).;
Monnet possessed the rare talent of true diplomacy, he was able to influence eminent statesmen and officials into adopting his ideas to transform society. The philosophy behind his efforts to integrate Europe and form an alliance of equals between the US and Europe, lay in his belief tht it was the only way in which peace could be achieved. Monnet was a behind the scences person, an organiser, a planner an so let other more "charismatic people" take credit for his efforts, as with the Schuman Plan. He was never interested in election to public office, as he felt he wouldn't have the freedom to achieve his objectives, so instead remained the mastermind behind the ECSC and this inititative was the beginning of the fulfillment of his wishes for Europe.;
All aspects of Monnet's dealing with the US are covered in these documents, from his efforts to mobilise US armament production, his time spent in Algeria, his palan for the economic reconstruction of of France int he aftermath of the World War II, the creation of the ECSC, his efforts for ratification of the EDC Treaty and the creation of the Action Committee for the United States of Europe. His personal relationships with American officials and Presidents is also evident as are his business interests prior to the war. He chose his contacts carefully, those people who would be receptive to his ideas and would be helpful in bringing these ideas to fruition. His affinity with journalists, particularly American he used to his advantage to guage official opinion and to sound out his ideads. He corresponded with allt he American presidents from Franklin D. Roosevelt to Lydon B. Johnson during the years he was active in "making Europe". The many awards he received in recognition of his work for world peace and European unity, are touched upon in these papers.

System of Arrangement

Because this collection is artificial in terms of its creation (it is made up of excerpts of diverse collections from diverse sources, brought together because they deal with a specific topic), the material has been arranged according to the Library or institution in which the originals are kept, and within that unit the material is organised according to the collection they come from, and then according to subject matter. I have place the original record code from the library or institution where they are housed on each document or file.

Reproduction Conditions

Different copyright rules depend on the rules governing copyright in the originating libraries. There is no photocopying allowed from the the papers of Dwight Morrow, John McCloy, Dean Acheson (Yale University), Walter Lippman, Robert Nathan, Shepard Stone and David Bruce. For all the documents in this collection, permission to publish, including use in doctoral dissertations of any part of the material which makes up the JMAS, is prohibited. Authorisation to publish must be obtained in writing from the respective libraries where the originals are kept.

Legal Status Notes

The decision to gather this material on Jean Monnet in the United States was formalised in an agreement between the Jean Monnet Council and the George Washington University, the European University Institute on behalf of HAEC, and the Jean Monnet Foundation for Europe.